No Plan? ... Money rules! Lebanon’s Construction Boom and the Challenges to Urban and Environmental Planning

While a number of countries slid into recession during the year 2008, Lebanon witnessed spectacular economic growth rates. Most of the growth is, however, due to the recent boom in the construction sector. Not only is this development over-heated, it is also largely taking place without any planning, or the implementation of state or communal regulations.

The consequences for Lebanon’s natural resources, infrastructure and life quality are severe. The author provides an overview on the field, describes the efforts of civil society actors, and explores what is needed toincrease the social and environmental sustainability of planning in Lebanon.