A White Dress Does(n’t) Cover the Rape. Factors effecting the abolishment of Article 522

In Lebanon, a rapist could avoid criminal prosecution by marrying their victim. That was until August 16th 2017 when the Lebanese Parliament voted on the abolishment of Article 522. Thereby, Lebanon joins a number of other Arab states. Given that marital rape and underage marriage remain legal, it is a benign step towards the protection of women’s rights only, but a primer.

The activism focusing on discriminatory articles against women dates back to the 1990s. Yet it was a surprising development that this article was suddenly abolished in 2017 after the activism triggered a powerful movement. What are the factors that ultimately led to the abolishment of Article 522?

Product details
Date of Publication
June 2018
Heinrich Boell Foundation - Middle East
Number of Pages
Language of publication
Table of contents

Introduction - p.1
2 Article 522 of the Lebanese Penal Code - p.1
3 The process ofp.abolishing Article 522 - p.2
3.1 The driving force in starting the process - p.3
3.2 One good turn deserves another - p.3
3.3 #undress522 - p.4
3.4 The dice is cast - p.4
4 Factors implementing the abolishment of Article 522 - p.5
4.1 Media - p.5
4.2 Timing - p.6
4.3 Regional developments - p.7
4.4 Civil Society - p.7
4.5 Article 522 itself - p.8
4.6 Instrumentalization - p.8
4.7 Interpretation - p.8
5 Findings - p.9
6 Perspective - p.9