Justice & Accountability

Justice, as the opposite of impunity, is a prerequisite for sustainable and stable peace. Human rights defenders, lawyers and activists from the Middle East seek to hold human rights’ perpetrators accountable. Where the perpetrators are state actors protected by political immunity, human rights defenders resort to justice mechanisms abroad, such as through the principle of universal jurisdiction.

For justice to last, each country has to follow its individual path to justice, recognizing its local voices and diversity. If societal groups feel excluded from justice processes, not justice but another case of injustice will be experienced. 

Therefore, the program justice and accountability supports initiatives that demand accountability and formulate visions for a future by bringing together different actors on their paths to justice. International dialogue, documentation and advocacy initiatives are at heart of this work. 

Latest Publications
Cover of the Research "Humans Without Rights"

Humans Without Rights


The Syrian Regime continues to be an essential and powerful factor in the weakening of women's role and the denial of their rights. Over the past decades it has contributed to  promotion of gender description and the patriarchal system through its constant practices, its commitment to deny the woman the right to grant their nationality and lineage to their children, and its policy of depriving Syrian Kurds and Syrian women of their Syrian nationality to become foreigners and strangers in their own lands.
This study address the problem of Statelessness in Syria that is caused by multiple factors

A man riding a bike in Idlib

Northern Syria: Activists and civilians between reality and need


Whenever war breaks out, no matter where, it casts its shadow over many aspects of human existence.
Only naturally, this manifests itself in the changes experienced in the lives of civilians, particularly in the
case of a bloody conflict in which the most basic humanitarian principles are disregarded and where there is
no serious international will to contain and limit severe loss of life.

New Ways of Resisting: How Art from Syria Changes Regarding New Political Challenges

Research Paper

During the war in Syria, artists played a big role in keeping the fight for freedom alive via peaceful and creative means such as street art, film-making, and documentation at a time when traditional media continued painting the picture as one of hopelessness. Their work has paved the way for possibly new strategies through which they could seek justice against crimes committed by the regime.


The Heinrich Böll Foundation Beirut office (hbs) is holding its 5th annual Almost There Film Festival (ATFF) on Human Rights and Migration from the 4th of November until the 5th of December 2021. This year’s edition is set to take place on the weekends in various locations all over Lebanon.

Screenings, concert and discussions will all be open to the general public and are as usual free of charge.

Seats are limited, please register before joining. 
For more information
info@lb.boell.org - 01-216037 ext 0 



Covid-19 pandemic, vaccine distribution and global justice: the story so far

Ghouta, Douma - Spring 2017

Denmark: Flawed country of origin reports lead to flawed refugee policies

Frauen gegen Donald Trump

Feminist foreign policy - imperative for a more secure and just world

A wounded Syrian refugee, who along with his family fled the Syrian city of Homs, sits next to a pillow at Wadi Khaled village in northern Lebanon, March 28, 2012.

The Right to Belong to a Political Community at the Example of the Legal Situation of Refu-gees in Lebanon

The Strong Point of the Syrian Army: No one else can carry as many washing machines

Bente Scheller to Al-Jumhuriya: Europe should not expect concessions from Assad